Why do more than 60% of used batteries flow into informal channels?
On August 1, this year, two major regulations on power lithium battery "interim measures on the management of the recycling and utilization of new energy automobile power battery" and "interim provisions on the management of the traceability of the recycling and utilization of new energy automobile power battery" were issued, marking that the recycling and utilization of lithium ion battery has officially entered the supervision and implementation stage. It is less than a decade before the real industrialization of lithium ion batteries for cars, but the government has begun to plan ahead and the supervision of recycling has been put in place ahead of schedule. Some point of view, this is to learn from the lead battery recycling supervision difficult, serious pollution. Data show that the current national annual production of waste lead battery more than 6 million tons, of which more than 60% of the flow into informal channels, the annual "pour acid" more than 300 thousand tons or so, causing serious pollution to the ecological environment.
"The recycling rate of waste lead batteries is actually very high, but only a few can enter the standard channels, a considerable part of the flow into the small workshop enterprises without relevant qualifications." Liu yanlong, secretary general of China chemical and physical power industry association, revealed to battery China network that some non-standard enterprises in order to reduce costs, recycling process does not carry out environmental protection treatment, will appear "pour acid" and other phenomena, causing serious pollution to the environment.
Liu xiaowei, deputy director of the national environmental protection engineering and technology center for lead-acid battery production and recycling and pollution prevention and control (hereinafter referred to as "battery environmental protection center"), also believes that the recycling market of waste lead batteries has long been controlled by "mobile vendors", and environmental protection measures are not in place, causing serious pollution to the ecological environment. It is worth noting that the illegal recycling of old lead batteries will eventually flow to the illegal small smelters, resulting in the shortage of raw materials for regular recycling lead enterprises, forming a vicious circle, disrupting the normal market order, and at the same time causing the loss of national finance and tax.
Difficulty in qualification examination and approval and lagging government supervision lead to incomplete recycling industrial chain
More than 60% of the used lead batteries flow into informal channels. In addition to capital profit, it is difficult to apply for recycling qualification. Industry insiders revealed to the battery China network, waste lead battery enterprise qualification application difficulties, approval procedures are very cumbersome is the main reason for the number of formal recycling enterprises in China, which also contributed to the more waste lead battery can only flow to informal channels.
A few days ago, jiangsu huai 'an procuratorial organs investigated and dealt with a case of illegal lead smelting. The suspect recovered and dismantled more than 15,000 tons of waste lead batteries, making a profit of more than 10 million yuan. If the waste lead battery can not be recycled environmentally, the long-term damage to the environment will be very serious.
"National policies encourage lead-acid battery plants to use their own sales channels for reverse recycling. But the reality is that many lead battery plants do not have recycling qualifications. "Each battery factory may have hundreds or even thousands of sales outlets across the country," liu explains. The time cost and the capital cost are very high for the enterprise, the pressure is very great. It is reported that some domestic institutions and lead battery enterprises are also actively trying to explore the feasibility of recycling channel system construction.
Enterprises and institutions actively explore the construction of recycling system
For example, the project of "strategic research on lead battery industry and pilot construction of waste lead battery recovery system" is a lead battery recovery system jointly participated by research institutions and enterprises and established by relying on the existing sales network of battery manufacturers. Up to now, chaowei group, only one of the participating units, has 3,000 agents and 630,000 grass-roots sales outlets in China. Its marketing outlets and logistics distribution system cover 98% of provinces, cities, counties and towns in China. The battery environmental protection center USES the existing sales outlets and logistics distribution system of chaowei battery to recycle the waste lead batteries through the mode of "trading in the old for the new and reverse logistics". At present, the center is relying on the advantages of the battery sales network of chaowei group to obtain the qualification of pilot recycling of waste lead batteries in Beijing, tianjin, Shanghai, shandong, liaoning, guangxi, hainan and other provinces and cities, and successfully carry out the recycling business of waste lead batteries.
The policy level, in order to further speed up the construction of ecological civilization and green low carbon development, in December 2016, the state council general office issued by the producer responsibility "system implementation plan, guide the lead battery production enterprises established in whole life cycle of product traceability system, the producers for their products of resources and environment responsibility extending from product design to production, circulation, consumption, recycling, waste disposal, such as the whole life cycle of the system construction.
Producer responsibility for the implementation of system, strengthen the management of old lead battery recycling process, battery environmental protection center has also developed can access production enterprises, recycling companies, distributors, logistics providers, enterprises and financial institutions of the whole life cycle of the battery iot management system, the management department can view real-time collection of waste lead accumulator, transportation, temporary storage, transfer and transfer of information across the province, the whole process of waste lead accumulator flow visualization management, prevent waste batteries into illegal smelters. At the same time, the center will gradually integrate the information database into the national waste battery related information supervision platform, as a basis for production enterprises to reduce consumption tax.
Of course, lead battery in China has a long history of development, a large industrial scale, implementation of the extended producer responsibility system is not easy. To implement the extended producer responsibility system, battery manufacturers, waste lead battery recycling enterprises, recycling enterprises, industrial associations and scientific research institutions should strengthen self-discipline and implement their respective work. At the same time, we will promote the implementation of relevant policies and standards as soon as possible, and actively build the Internet of things platform for the full life cycle of batteries and the green battery recycling industrial chain.
With the deepening of battery recovery system construction, cooperation between battery production and recycling lead enterprises has been strengthened. Lead-battery enterprises should give full play to their channel advantages, and recycled lead enterprises should make good use of their own technology, management, experience and expertise, both sides jointly create a battery "production-recycling-recycling" green recycling industrial chain, constantly standardize and improve the whole battery production, recycling and recycling market, in order to improve the level of environmental protection.
At present, due to the difficulty of examination and approval, the small number of formal recycling enterprises is still the key to restrict the recycling of waste lead batteries. While strengthening the management of waste lead battery recycling, the government should simplify the examination and approval procedures of formal enterprises, give more third-party enterprises recycling qualifications, improve the monitoring mechanism and platform, and conduct all-round monitoring on the production, use, collection, storage, recycling and recycling of lead batteries.