Hydrogen fuel cell first entered the government work report How to face this wave of "hydrogen heat"?
A few days ago, the State Council Information Office held a briefing to interpret the 83 revisions of the 2019 "Government Work Report", which proposed "promoting the construction of facilities such as charging and hydrogenation." This is the first time that hydrogen energy has been written into the Government Work Report.
In the past 20 years, hydrogen energy has ushered in a round of rapid development on a global scale. In China, the United States, Japan, the European Union, Canada and South Korea, countries and regions have developed hydrogen energy development plans.
Fuel cell vehicles are one of the main forms of hydrogen energy applications today. According to the goal set forth in the "Blue Book on China's Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure Development", by 2020, China's fuel cell vehicles will reach 10,000 vehicles, and the number of hydrogen refueling stations will reach 100. The total industrial output value will reach 300 billion yuan. By 2030, fuel will be used. The number of battery vehicles must be “bumper” 2 million, the number of hydrogen refueling stations will reach 1,000, and the industrial output value will exceed 1 trillion yuan. The development of hydrogen energy fuel cell technology has been written in the "13th Five-Year National Science and Technology Innovation Plan".
During the two sessions of the country this year, hydrogen energy has also become a hot topic for delegates and committee members. A number of committee members separated hydrogen from hazardous chemicals and managed them according to energy attributes.
"In terms of hydrogen supply, whether it is hydrogen produced by coal, hydrogen produced by renewable energy, or hydrogen produced by industrial by-products, China has huge supply capacity." According to Yangguang.com, National Energy Investment Group (hereinafter referred to as National Energy Group) General Manager Ling Wen said in an interview a few days ago.
Ling Wen said that according to estimates, China's existing industrial hydrogen production capacity can meet the needs of 100 million fuel cell vehicles, of which only the National Energy Group's production capacity can be used for 40 million vehicles.
In the discussion of various parties, technical research and development and standard setting of hydrogen energy are still the focus of attention.
Nan Cunhui, chairman of Zhengtai Group, said in an interview that it should encourage technical breakthroughs in core technologies and key components such as hydrogen production, hydrogen storage, hydrogenation and fuel cell basic materials through technical cooperation, talent introduction, and establishment of industrial funds. Focus on breakthroughs in technical bottlenecks such as membrane electrodes, air compressors and hydrogen storage tanks, significantly reducing the cost of the industrial chain and promoting industrial development.
"From a technical point of view, the fuel cell technology for vehicles has gradually matured in about five years," said Ouyang Minggao, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. In the future, how to realize industrial application will become more important.
In order to accelerate the commercialization of hydrogen fuel vehicles, Chen Zhixin, a member of the Shanghai CPPCC and the president of SAIC, suggested that local subsidies for hydrogen fuel vehicles should continue to be supported by the national supplement ratio of 1:1. Public services and logistics are currently the most suitable areas for promoting fuel cell vehicles. Chen Zhixin suggested that the relevant departments should give special support to hydrogen fuel vehicles in terms of operating licenses, and clarify the quantity and method of annual issuance.
As an auxiliary facility for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, hydrogen refueling stations have also received a lot of attention. Wang Fengying, president of Great Wall Motors, suggested that the subsidy should be increased by changing the form of subsidies for hydrogen refueling stations to prevent the hydrogen refueling station from becoming a local government image project and “building and not using”.
Wang Fengying said that the relevant departments should strengthen the top-level planning, encourage multi-party cooperation, set up a "national team" for the construction and operation of hydrogen refueling stations, unify the construction of national hydrogenation infrastructure, and reduce the difficulty of examination and approval. It is also necessary to refine the hydrogen energy technology standards and issue relevant policies to clarify the relevant systems for the construction and operation supervision of hydrogen refueling stations. It is recommended to manage the hydrogen refueling stations with reference to the management methods of natural gas filling stations.
According to public data, as of the end of 2017, there were 328 mobile hydrogen refueling stations in the world, including 139 in Europe, accounting for 42.38%; 118 in Asia, accounting for 35.98%; 68 in North America, accounting for 20.73%.
According to the data of China Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Annual Report 2018, as of November 2018, there are 27 hydrogen refueling stations in China, of which 3 have been demolished and 16 are under construction. Most of the completed hydrogen refueling stations are for demonstration vehicles only and have not been fully disclosed.
In order to seize the development opportunities of the hydrogen energy industry, nearly ten cities including Shanghai, Wuhan, Suzhou, Foshan and Zhangjiakou have introduced hydrogen energy planning.
Faced with the fiery heat of the hydrogen energy industry, Tan Xuguang, chairman of Weichai Group, also reminded that not all regions are suitable for the development of the hydrogen energy industry. Relevant departments should select some suitable areas as demonstration areas to effectively promote the development of hydrogen energy.
At present, China has achieved some results in hydrogen fuel cell technology, but it is still in the laboratory stage on some key materials such as fuel cell catalyst, proton exchange membrane, carbon paper, etc. It is difficult to guarantee consistency and reliability. In addition, the vehicle manufacturers have not yet formed a stable parts supply system, the supply chain is weak, and the engineering capability is insufficient, resulting in low process quality of parts and components, insufficient product consistency, reliability and durability, and cannot meet market requirements.
The Chinese Academy of Engineering academician Gan Yong also said that from the market situation, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are still mainly used in logistics vehicles, buses and some special vehicles. Due to the small scale of production and operation, the actual operation data is insufficient, and there are still some engineering and technical problems. It needs to be solved through a lot of engineering practice.