Policy companies work hard to solve the problem of battery recycling
In recent years, China's new energy vehicle production and sales have shown rapid growth, at the same time, it has also brought new problems in the recovery of automotive power batteries. According to reports, at present, China's new energy vehicle power batteries have entered a large-scale decommissioning period. By 2020, the cumulative number of decommissioned batteries is about 25 GWh. Faced with such a huge amount, how to do a good job of recycling and replacement of new energy vehicle batteries has become a realistic test question.
In the context of the rapid development of new energy vehicles, it is very urgent to answer this question well. Compared with traditional fuel vehicles, new energy vehicles have become the industry's development trend due to their advantages of saving fuel energy and reducing exhaust emissions. If the problem of battery recycling cannot be effectively solved, it will not only cause serious waste of resources and environmental pollution, but also have a negative impact on the healthy development of the new energy automobile industry. Because of this, from the start of the national monitoring of new energy vehicles and the comprehensive management platform for power battery recycling, to exploring the establishment of battery recycling systems in pilot provinces, to formulating automotive recycling industry standards, and strengthening technical research and development, the government and enterprises plan ahead. , All to make the retired batteries can be better recycled and used.
The difficulty of battery recycling is not "how to do it", but "how to do it". From the perspective of recycling alone, how to balance the interests of car owners and car companies is no small problem. From the perspective of the owner, changing the battery can cost tens of thousands. Second-hand car replacement cannot be sold at a high price. Whether it is to keep the car for the battery or to “stop the loss” for a new car has caused many owners to face a dilemma and reduce their willingness to participate in recycling. From the perspective of automobile companies, according to regulations, automobile manufacturers are the main body of battery recycling and have the responsibility for supervision. However, whether they can recycle batteries back has their own initiative. Of course, recycling batteries is only the first step. Let's take a closer look at how to achieve efficient step utilization. How to avoid environmental pollution caused by dismantling and scrapping? Only by solving these problems can we avoid possible risks and maximize the efficiency of resource use.
For these problems, many beneficial attempts have been made from the central government to the local governments. The "Implementation Plan for the Pilot Implementation of Recycling and Recycling of New Energy Vehicles" issued in 2018 proposes that by 2020, a comprehensive power battery recycling system should be established, and a number of advanced demonstration projects for the efficient recycling and high value utilization of retired power batteries should be established. Policies and measures to promote power battery recycling. The general policy direction has long been clear. How to do this requires local measures and innovations. In the short term, it is necessary to clarify the recycling responsibilities of each subject through policy supply to ensure that batteries are accurately recycled. In the long run, it is necessary to give play to the role of the market as a mainstay in the entire industrial chain such as sales, recycling, reuse, and technology research and development, so as to improve the battery recycling system and tighten supervision, so that the market is dynamic and car owners have motivation.
Battery recycling is not only a dilemma facing the development of the industry, but also a topic of how to improve governance capabilities. With the emergence of new economies, new fields, and new business formats, the old problems have been resolved, but some new challenges have also come. Not only new energy vehicles, but also the security risks and urban management problems brought about by the sharing economy. Developments such as big data and artificial intelligence have brought hidden dangers to personal privacy protection. To meet these challenges, all must test the wisdom of the managers. Governance needs to be continuously upgraded to keep pace with rapid development. By constantly optimizing management methods, supplementing the shortcomings of the system and working hard on "embroidery", we can promote a stable and far-reaching new economy and new business.
The Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China proposed that social governance must be strengthened and innovated, and the social governance system of Party committee leadership, government responsibility, democratic consultation, social coordination, public participation, rule of law protection, and technology support must be improved. This enlightens us that forming a joint effort of multiple parties is a fundamental solution to the recycling of new energy vehicle batteries. From the government to the industry, from the enterprise to the user, to fulfill their responsibilities effectively and to bring together the greatest synergy of market players, they can continue to overcome development difficulties.